2018 Christmas/New Years Eve in the Amazon

Kev and I planned a trip of a lifetime to spend Christmas and New Year’s Eve in the Amazon Rainforest, the world’s largest equatorial forest on the planet extending into eight countries. We flew into Manaus, Brazil from Miami and stayed the night at the Hotel Tropical Manaus. In the morning we met the group of people we’d be spending the week with on a cruise aboard the Motor Yacht Tucano. The expedition cruise navigated upstream on the Rio Negro as far as a major river called the Rio Jauerperi, about 200 miles from Manaus, Brazil. Below is a map of our route.

The journey took us to many different rainforest habitats which allowed us to see a great diversity of wildlife. We did about three main activities each day each morning, afternoon and evening with our naturalist guides. Each day we walked in the forest and explored small streams that winded their way through into uninhabited interior in order to learn more about the flora and fauna and actually scout for the animals.

I had just as much fun on the day trips as the night trips because it enabled us to see different things. We saw animals including sloths, macaws, festive parrots, toucan, and giant otters during the day and different species of birds like owls, mice, snakes, and caiman in the evening. On the last day of the voyage we traveled to the “Encontra das Aguas”, the meeting of the waters of the world’s two largest rivers: The Amazon River and the Rio Negro. The light colored water of the Amazon and the dark water of the Negro do not readily mix and the two rivers flow side by side for many miles. It literally looked like what black coffee looks like when milk is poured in but not yet stirred.

I’m really glad our first trip to the Amazon was on the Rio Negro. The Rio Negro is a much more acidic river, therefore being home to less mosquitoes. It made it the ideal river to swim in without getting eaten alive. Also, even though there is greater density of wildlife on the Amazon river, there is more diversity of life on the Rio Negro.

After several days on the Tucano, it was nice to be on land. As soon as we got off the boat, we continued on our journey to Anavilhanas Jungle Lodge. It was about a 3 hours drive/110 miles from Manaus back into the thick of the jungle. Even though we were still on the Rio Negro, I’m glad we spent time at the Anavilhanas Lodge because it was a very different experience. The lodge was quite comfortable. My favorite part of our room was the screened sun room with two hanging hammocks. I enjoyed relaxing and reading in the hammock whenever we had a break each day.

My animal highlights from the trip include the following:
– Seeing a boa on a branch looming above a mouse obliviously eating a nut
– Swimming very close to Amazon river dolphins which are endemic to the Amazon
– Seeing an adorable baby sloth very close up on a low brand of a tree in a local village
– Coaxing a tarantula out of its nest
– Reading in the hammock in the sun room and watching a group of squirrel monkeys jump by right in front of us

Learning how to shoot a bow and arrow was a lot of fun too and swimming in the river with the river dolphins were two of my favorite activities. The most bizarre experience I had was getting locked in the zoo at the Hotel Tropical Manaus while waiting for our shuttle to the airport back to the U.S. but that’s a story for another day.

Some of the key animals we saw on the trip: caiman, Amazon river dolphins, sloths, macaws, Anis, howler monkeys, giant otters, hoatzin, kingfisher, sardine, squirrel monkeys, frog, boa, sting ray, vultures, tarantula, osprey, rusty-barred owl, sickle-winged nightjar, toucans, festive parrots, eagle, piranha, capybara

I often reminisce about me and Kev’s honeymoon trip to Boreno, and I didn’t think anything could top it, but the Amazon Rainforest is definitely up there. We both had an amazing time and got to see so many cool animals, and learned quite a bit too. I really appreciate that our guides took care to present the natural history of Amazonia without exaggeration (i.e. no feeding the animals to make sure we saw them). Everything was guided by the principles of minimum impact, responsible tourism and harmony with the local community. I hope we preserve this amazing place so many future generations have an opportunity to see these spectacular animals.

Winter 2018 Reads

Nine Perfect Strangers by Liane Moriarty
It was a light easy, read that was entertaining.
Rating: 3/5

One Day in December by Josie Silver
It was a cute romance novel without being nauseating.
Rating: 3/5

No Exit by Taylor Adam
It was a pretty good suspense novel considering there were only a few characters in it.
Rating: 2.5/5

Eleanor Oliphant is Completely Fine by Gail Honeyman
I really enjoyed this novel; it was unique from anything else I’ve read. I really enjoyed the main character, Eleanor, however aloof. After reading it, I spent some time thinking about loneliness.
Rating: 5/5

An American Marriage by Tayari Jones
I had this one downloaded on my Kindle for a few months but kept prioritizing other books before it. I’m glad I read it but it annoyed me. I don’t understand why the main character was obsessed about getting his wife back after being incarcerated even though he slept with other women.
Rating: 2/5

The Heart’s Invisible Furies by John Boyne
I recently read Boyne’s latest novel, A Ladder to the Sky, so when I saw this one in the book swap cabinet on the boat we stayed on in the Amazon, I picked it up. I’m very happy I did because I enjoyed this novel a lot. It was a bit long but entertaining none the less. I also like Boyne’s style of writing.
Rating: 4/5

Golden State by Ben H. Winters
I’ve been more open to sci-fi recently. I really liked the beginning of the novel but it kind of lost me for the last third of the book. There was a lot of build up and not a really exciting end.
Rating: 3/5

Art Basel Miami 2018

I was in Miami only several weeks before over Memorial Day weekend, so when Kevin asked me to fly out again for Art Basel in early December, I was a little hesitant. I’m so glad I went though because I ended up having the best time…and we even bought a piece of art!

We stayed at the Confidante which wasn’t the nicest hotel, but was fine considering we weren’t in the room much. I arrived on Friday night right after work and met up with a group for dinner at The Surf Club. It was one of the best meals I’ve ever had. We had an avocado salad to start, followed by truffle pasta, eggplant parm, and then a sundae dessert. We even got to walk through the kitchen and meet famous renowned Chef Thomas Keller.

Saturday was my one main day to experience Art Basel. Me and Kev woke up early to beat the lines and use our VIP pass to be one of the first ones into Art Basel in Miami Beach which is the main fair. The convention center was huge but we did manage to check almost everything out. After that we went to ART MIAMI to check out some more art. C24, the gallery who used to represent Nick Gentry who we commissioned to do two pieces of art for us in the past, got us tickets. It was a completely different vibe at ART MIAMI than ART BASEL, but it was still a lot of fun and the art was much more affordable.

On Sunday morning, we only had a little time before heading to the airport back to NYC, so we woke up for an early morning run before heading to UNTITLED.

There were a few pieces we were seriously considering including (in order of favorites from top to bottom. Also, these pictures don’t do them justice):
1. Jean-Luc Moulène, Monochrome / Echantillon (série 2) – vert
2. Gilles Barbier, Hawaiian Ghost # 10
3. Mike Dargas, Bee Loved
4. Ayane Mikagi, Moon Sounds III
5. Bonnie Maygarden, Aura

Bee Loved and Moon Sounds III had already been sold, Enchantillon was a bit out of our price range, and we were planning on scheduling a trip at a future date to meet with Bonnie Maygarden in New Orelans to see if she could do a commissioned piece with different colors. That was until the Sunday morning before we fly back to NYC. We were at UNTITLED and I had low expectations, but then we came across up-comer Carmen Neely’s work. In her collection of work, Intellectualized Intimacy, she revisits conversations, life events and tactical items in the process of creating work of carefully selected moments of romantic nostalgia.

Kev and I both loved one particular piece, It is love, but even so. We plan on putting it on the large wall in our dining room. We’re so excited to have it in our apartment to look at every day–stay tuned for pictures once we have the art up on the wall.

Carmen Neely, It is love, but even so

Overall, the weekend was a success and I had more fun than I anticipated. I would have left Miami and Art Basel happy regardless if we ended up buying art but it was certainly a plus to find something Kev and I both really liked enough to invest in. I look forward to going again another year!

One of our other favorites – Robert Longo, Tiger

Thanksgiving 2018 in San Diego

I spent this past Thanksgiving in San Diego. Kev rented a car and a comfortable house on Airbnb. The house was within walking distance of what became my favorite coffee spot, Native Poppy, over the long weekend I spent there. It was a cute coffee/flower shop and the rose lavender iced latte and chai cinnamon pudding with fresh cut bananas and strawberries became my go-to breakfast.

I like going to San Diego because not only is the weather nice, but it’s just more laid back in general and I like spending time outside and at the beach. Kev and I had a nice long run on the boardwalk one morning and we came back the next day to take pictures along the beach before stopping for a
Red Bull vodka slushie at Pacific Beach Shore Club. I also like San Diego because it has a lot of great veggie/vegan options. We went to a vegan taco truck called Taqueria Veggie for lunch. I had some of the best tacos ever–the Asada and Merlin tacos were my favorites. The other notable veggie place we ate at was Kindred. I had read a lot of good reviews, so I was excited to try it out, and they did not disappoint. I had a holiday nog-inspired cocktail, a vegan cinnamon roll, and the Benedict.

And of course, Thanksgiving wouldn’t be Thanksgiving in Kevin’s family without the post-Thanksgiving family football game. This year we got to play on the beach too which was fun.

Our last activity before heading back to New York was volunteering to walk dogs via an Airbnb Experience. It was through the non-profit, Free Animal Doctor. They partner with various shelters to socialize the dogs and of course give them some exercise. We met at Shelter Island and walked for about 3-4 miles with the dogs. There was an adorable Pekingese that would have been swiped up in a heartbeat had she been in New York that you can see in the picture above. It was a great way to end our trip by doing something good.

Summer-Fall 2018 Reading

I’ve read a ton of new books since my last book blog post. Below is a quick recap. As you’ll see in many of the pictures, Boots is never too far away while I’m reading.

Ghosted by Rosie Walsh

This was one of my Book of the Month picks. I really enjoyed it so I sent it to my mom to read right after and she liked it as well. It’s a love story but not too mushy and annoying. A man and woman meet and have an instant connection and then he, as the title alludes, ghosted her.

My rating: 3.5/5

Sing, Unburied Sing by Jesmyn Ward

I picked this one up at a local bookstore. I saw it featured at bookstores before and I know it won some awards but the synopsis never jumped out to me. I’m glad I read it but it wasn’t one of my favs. The mother made me so angry because of how selfish she is and I don’t understand why she had a second kid when she’s not even nice to the first one.

My rating: 2.5/5

Where’d You Go, Bernadette by Maria Semple

My cousin Jade loaned me this one. I saw this book displayed in many bookstores in the past but the description didn’t jump out to me. I thought it would be too much of a fluffy, frivolous read. I’m glad I finally read it though because it was a hoot. It was a really quick read and I liked the quirkiness of each character. I had some LOL moments and had fun reading this light novel.

My rating: 3.5/5

The Summer Wives by Beatriz Williams

This was one of my Book of the Month selections too. It sat on my coffee table for a while but once I got a few chapters in I couldn’t put it down. I don’t normally like love stories but this was a good one.  It had me rooting for the protagonist which is always a good sign of investment in a story and strong characters. I recommend this book.

My rating: 3.5/5

The Power by Naomi Alderman

This was one of Kev’s book club books and he recommended it to me after reading it. I thought it was going to be a kick-ass women empowerment type of sci-fi novel but it was kind of weird. Women get a “power’ where they can zap other people. It was interesting seeing the ways in which the power transformed from a defense mechanism to a weapon and the story line was unique, but it was still missing something for me.

My rating: 2/5

Cross Her Heart by Sarah Pinbourough

This was one of my Book of the Month picks. I wasn’t looking for anything too heavy. This book was just okay. I liked the beginning but then it lost me. The story line wasn’t believable enough and it got too far fetched.

My rating: 1/5

My Absolute Darling by Gabriel Tallent

I LOVED this book. I picked it up on a whim from an airport book store. I like Tallent’s style of writing and for a dude he did a great job narrating as a young girl. He described the setting wonderfully and I felt like I was in nature exploring with the protagonist.

My rating: 5/5

All the Missing Girls by Megan Miranda

My cousin Jade sent me this one too (she’s the best). I saw it on NYT best seller list for a while but thriller/mystery/suspense isn’t usually my first genre choice so I never picked it up. I’m glad I read it though, it was pretty good. It was a quick read and entertaining.

My rating: 3.5/5

The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath

This was yet another one loaned to me by my cousin Jade. She said she had a hard time getting through it but I actually liked it. It definitely isn’t one of my favorite novels, but I think Plath does a good job of getting the reader in the mind of the main character, Esther, as she starts losing her mind. One part of me thinks that Esther is actually bonkers but the other part of me thinks that the feeling of being lost, not knowing her purpose, and having a ton of intense conflicting emotions is something normal that many college-aged people go through. Since the book is set in 1953, people during that time may not have recognized what she was going through as depression and just put her in a psych ward.

Plath actually committed suicide at age 30, so it’s interesting drawing parallels from Esther to her own life. It was a good book but overall it was a little anticlimactic and dull at times. I do give her props though for writing about a subject matter that was probably considered a little taboo at the time.

My rating: 2.5/5 

A Ladder to the Sky by John Boyne

This was one of my November Book of the Month choices and I loved it. I sped through it. It was fresh and interesting. I really liked the main character, Maurice. He is a scoundrel and I want to describe him as an unaware villain yet he is so calculating in every step of his career, he has to know what he did is wrong. In fact, as I’m writing about Maurice, I realize that he fooled me too because despite the many horrible things he did throughout his life, i’m trying to justify his behavior, and that’s how he got away with what he did in the first place. He is a charming but unreliable narrator which makes the story all the more entertaining.

My rating: 5/5


A few weeks ago I took a much needed mini-vacation to Bermuda. Since I worked through the summer and didn’t take any time off, I decided I needed a long weekend to relax and reset before the craziness of work and the holidays in Q4. Bermuda is only 90 minutes away, so it was a really easy flight and going through customs was a breeze.

We got in late on Thursday night and stayed at the Fairmont Southampton. We unfortunately did not enjoy our stay there. There was a wedding that weekend so the bar lobby was loud and obnoxious and the check-in line was long and slow. We didn’t have a view and the walls were also thin. We stayed there primarily because they have a dive shop on the property. Bermuda has a ton of ship wrecks so we did two dives close to the resort in the morning. The beach was beautiful and the cove area that we left from was picturesque, but the diving itself was boring. I’ve done a few ship wreck dives before so while they’re cool to look at, it gets boring after a few minutes. The wrecks also weren’t that old, so there wasn’t a ton of growth or activity on or near the ships. There was also a disappointing number of fish. Where were all the fish?! There was hardly anything to look at.

Luckily after that, our stay only improved. After our dives we grabbed our bags and headed to the resort we were staying at for the rest of the weekend, Rosewood Bermuda. I am SO happy that’s where we stayed for the remainder of the trip. It’s a 5-Star resort that I was somehow able to get a great deal on. I loved our room. It was clean and roomy. I loved the bathroom the most which had a huge bathtub that I took advantage soaking in every night we were there.

Rosewood Bermuda is beautiful and well-kept as you can tell from the pictures below. There were three pools and beach access. The resort is about 1.25 miles from the beach, and while they provide shuttle transportation, Kev and I enjoyed a scenic run there and back one day. The food was also tasty. There are a few different restaurants at the resort with several vegetarian options, so we were very content. They also had a gin bar which was totally up my alley. I enjoyed a few gin and tonics and Kev and I even enjoyed afternoon tea there one day.

Overall we had a great trip and I would definitely like to go back. Next time we will play a round of golf and go into the town of Hamilton to explore more. It was just the kind of mini vacay needed to get me through our next vacation in December.

Spring/Summer 2018

Work has been so busy that I’ve been slacking on the blog posts besides our big trips to the Galapagos for me and Kev’s anniversary/my 30th bday, Miami for Memorial Day, and Paris for Independence Day. Therefore, below is a collage with the hodgepodge of fun things I’ve been able to sprinkle in over the past several months and here are the highlights:

  • Broadway Shows including Mean Girls, Come From Away, Girls & Boys (with my fav Carey Mulligan), Lobby Hero (with Michael Cera and Chris Evans), Children of a Lesser God (with Joshua Jackson), and A Band’s Visit.
  • Pop-up experience-The Dream Machine experience in Brooklyn
  • Andy Warhol exhibit in our building
  • Work promotion in June and She Runs It 2018 President’s Award honoree
  • Pop-up experience -Rosé Mansion
  • Summer trip to Michigan including Henry Ford and lake day at Grams
  • Morgan’s Bachelorette Party in Charleston and subsequent wedding
  • Pop-up experience -Candytopia
  • New octopus tattoo by the famous tattoo artist Mr. K at Bang Bang
  • Childish Gambino and Drake concert at MSG
  • Golfing at Crystal Spring Resort during Labor Day weekend
  • Kev working to get pilot’s license and developing his photography skills
  • Finally tried Dominique Ansel cronuts for the first time this summer
  • Exploring Impossible Burger spots like Saxon & Parole and Umami Burger
  • Enjoying Brookfield Place/Battery Park/West Side Highway – many walks/runs in the summer
  • Went to the U.S. vs. Brazil soccer game
  • SF/Berkeley trip where we went to the  René Magritte exhibit at SFMOMA and went to a Cal Bears football game
  • Standard kitten cuddles with the two cutest cats in the world

Independence Day 2018 in Paris

I spent a long weekend over Independence Day with Kev in Paris. We stayed at Hotel Malte – Astotel at 63 Rue De Richelieu which was a nice boutique hotel. The room was tiny but nicely decorated. Since we were only there for a short trip and I had been begging Kevin to go on another Paris trip for a while, I wanted to make sure we made the most with our time there. We booked several tours via Airbnb Experiences which ended up being the best decision because it forced us to power through our jet lag and we saw a good portion of the city in a relatively short amount of time.

Here’s a recap of our trip and jam-packed itinerary:

Wednesday, July 4th
We landed in the afternoon and though we were tired, we forced ourselves to go out. We stopped at Nina’s Paris, a Marie-Antoinette-themed tea shop that is pink and lovely. I read about Nina’s while doing my research on Paris and I’m so happy we went. The decorating of the parlor was so pretty and feminine and the classic pink cake was delicious as was the original Marie-Antoinette tea.  I ended up buying a can of the signature Marie-Antoinette tea which is a delicate tea flavored with apples and rose with a touch of strength from a Ceylon tea basis. So good!

After we were full from lunch, tea, and cake, we headed over to the  Eiffel Tower to watch the sun set and to take some evening pics at the tower.

Thursday, July 5th
We started the morning right with “The Delicious East Vegan tour.” We went to Comptoir Veggie for a vegan yogurt parfait and latte, Jay & Joy to sample several vegan cheeses, Manifeste011 to try on vegan clothing, and VG Pâtisserie for some delicious vegan pastries.

After eating our way through Paris we went on another tour, “Lourve-A Crash Course in Art History.” The Lourve can be overwhelming and I did not take art history in school, so I really enjoyed having a guide.

Friday, July 6th
On Friday morning we went on a biking tour, “Paris’ Best Kept Secrets Tour.” We rode electric bicycles which was pretty cool. I normally don’t feel comfortable biking in cities but it wasn’t too scary with our guide and we all chose to wear helmets (oddly, it was not a requirement of the tour company). It was a great way to cover more ground and we even unintentionally came across a new street art piece by famous street artist, Banksy.

After a pleasant morning biking around the city, we had afternoon tea at Salon Proust Ritz Paris. Afternoon tea is one of my favorite things to partake in when I’m in Europe. From there we watched France play Uraguay in the World Cup soccer game which was even more fun being in France for the semi-final. On our walk back to the hotel after a long day, we stopped at Guerlain to pick up one of my favorite perfumes. Guerlain is a French perfume and it’s special to me because not only does it smell good but it also makes me think of Paris and my great trips there.

Saturday, July 7th
On Saturday morning we went on our last tour, “Discover the Secrets of Versailles.” Similar to the Lourve tour, having a tour guide and being able to cut the extremely long line was key for the Versailles tour. The Palace of Versailles is beautiful and I loved hearing about the sun king, Louis XIV. The famous Hall of Mirrors was my favorite part of the palace and I loved everything about the gardens. We couldn’t have asked for a more gorgeous day to walk the grounds. We enjoyed it so much that as soon as we got home we went on a Netflix binge of the historical fiction show, Versailles.

After a morning walking around the Palace of Versailles, we were driven back to Paris. We enjoyed an afternoon snack with tea and iced hot chocolate at Angelina’s. The iced hot chocolate at Angelina’s is out of this world. From there we headed back to the hotel to grab our bags on the way to the airport but we made a quick stop at Maison Kitsuné to check out their Parisien collection on first.

Overall we had an amazing time. It was a beautiful, sunny weekend so we couldn’t have asked for better weather.  Paris is wonderful but the city is even more magical in the summer. I get all dreamy just thinking about the trip–I already can’t wait to go back. Also, Airbnb Experiences for the win! I will definitely be checking out their available tours in any new city I want to explore.

Spring Reading 2018

The Soul of an Octopus: A Surprising Exploration into the Wonder of Consciousness by Sy Montgomery

I’m really intrigued by Octopuses, so I browsed through Barnes and Noble one day and picked up The Soul of an Octopus. I did not like Montgomery’s style of writing and could have done without some of the personal stories, but I did learn a few things about Octopuses which was the point. Here are some of the cool things I learned:

– Octopuses are sentient invertebrates
– Female Octopuses are really good mothers. They lay thousands of eggs which they hang in caves and keep protected under their arms. They spend the next several months of their lives taking care of the eggs, that are each the size of a grain of rice, and pretty much die of starvation over time just as the eggs hatch
– Octopuses spent a life of solitude, with the exception of briefly mating
– Octopuses are extremely intelligent creatures and keepers in aquariums often have to come up with special, more difficult games to keep them from being too bored
– Octopuses each have their own personalities
– Octopuses have the ability to regenerate their arms, and unlike other species that have the same ability, like chameleons, an octopuses regenerated arms are as perfect as the original
-Each octopus’s arms “has a brain of its own”
– An octopus eats through a beak which is at the center of its underside and taste its food by moving it up its arms by the tentacles to the beak

Rating: 2/5
(I liked the Octopus facts but there was way too much author fluff)

Our Kind of Cruelty by Araminta Hall

This was my April Book of the Month club selection that I read during our Galapagos trip. It was a quick, easy read. I liked the first half but then I started getting a little bored after I realized there wasn’t some crazy twist and the guy was just obsessive and crazy. Overall it was pretty good though.

Rating: 2.5/5

The Themis Files trilogy by Sylvain Neuvel (Book 1: Sleeping Giants, Book 2: Waking Gods, Book 3: Only Human)

I started reading Sleeping Giants on our Galapagos trip in April after borrowing it from Kevin once I finished all of my other books. I didn’t realize it was a trilogy and since i’m not a quitter, I continued through. It kind of reminded me of transformers but it was definitely a young adult trilogy.

I actually gave my friend the book to give to a high school student that she is mentoring since it is more of a young adult book and it’s an easy read.

Rating: 2/5

Eat and Run by Scott Jurek

Kevin bought this book for me from Mile High Run Club. It was an okay book, not super exciting. If anything I was in awe of Jurek’s commitment and single-tracked intensity and it made me want to push myself harder during my next workout. The guy definitely has some issues though that he didn’t really address head-on in the book.

Rating: 2/5

The Book of Essie by Meghan MacLean Weir

The Book of Essie was my June Book of the Month club selection. I loved it. I liked the plot and MacLean Weir’s style of writing. I devoured this book pretty quickly. It was definitely one of my fav novels that I’ve read in the past few months.

Rating: 4.5/5

The Mars Room by Rachel Kushner

I ended up skipping my May Book of the Month club selection, but then I kept hearing about The Mars Room so I ended up downloading it to my Kindle. Overall I liked the book but there were a lot of loose ends and I didn’t like the ending.

Rating: 3.5/5

When Katie Met Cassidy by Camille Perri

I heard good things about When Katie Met Cassidy via Book of the Month club though it wasn’t one of my original selections. I ended up downloading it on my Kindle after I read The Mars Room and literally read it in two days. It was a quick, easy read but also fresh and entertaining which is why I sped through it so quickly. It kind of reminded me of Blue is the Warmest Color.

Rating: 4/5

When: The Scientific Secrets of Perfect Timing by Daniel H. Pink

I’m more of a fiction reader but every once in a while I like mixing it up with non-fiction. Pink’s novel was pretty good but I didn’t have any enlightening ah-ha moments. I am considering reading one of his suggested books, A Geography of Time: Temporal Misadventures of a Social Psychologist by Robert V. Levine. Below are the main things I took from it:

– I am a “third bird,” meaning i’m not a morning lark nor a night owl but I do skew a little more towards being a morning person
– Studies show that students perform best on tests early in the morning (but not too early) and need breaks throughout the day in order to maintain strong performance/retention
– Daily naps are actually very good for us but for no more than about 20 minutes. It is okay to drink tea or coffee before a power nap because the caffeine doesn’t actually kick in for about 25 minutes
– It’s better to deliver bad news before good news

Rating: 3/5